What is CAPES?
CAPES is the Child and Parent Emotion Study, a two-year longitudinal study looking at how emotions affect parenting and children’s socio-emotional wellbeing.

Why study emotion?
Emotion regulation refers to the ability to understand emotions and to control their expression. These skills are foundational, and underpin lifelong wellbeing and mental health by determining our ability to form and maintain relationships, manage conflict, and navigate the challenges of daily life. Difficulties with emotion regulation are linked to child internalizing and externalizing problems, and to peer rejection, antisocial behaviour and suicide attempts in later life.

We know that emotion regulation skills are shaped by parents during childhood. Parenting practices that are supportive of child emotions are associated with improved child outcomes.

Further Reading
Berking, M., & Wupperman, P. (2012). Emotion regulation and mental health: recent findings, current challenges, and future directions. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 25(2), 128-134.
Eisenberg, N., Cumberland, A., & Spinrad, T. L. (1998). Parental Socialization of Emotion. Psychological Inquiry, 9(4), 241-273. doi: 10.1207/s15327965pli0904_1
Eisenberg, N., Cumberland, A., Spinrad, T. L., Fabes, R. A., Shepard, S. A., Reiser, M., . . . Guthrie, I. K. (2001). The Relations of Regulation and Emotionality to Children’s Externalizing and Internalizing Problem Behavior, 1112.
Ford, B. Q., & Gross, J. J. (2018). Why Beliefs About Emotion Matter: An Emotion-Regulation Perspective. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 28(1), 74-81. doi: 10.1177/0963721418806697
Halberstadt, A., Dunsmore, J., Bryant Jr, A., Parker, A., Beale, K., & Thompson, J. A. (2013). Development and validation of the Parents’ Beliefs About Children’s Emotions Questionnaire. Psychological Assessment, 25(4), 1195.
Havighurst, S., Wilson, K., Harley, A., Kehoe, C., Efron, D., & Prior, M. (2013). “Tuning into Kids”: Reducing Young Children’s Behavior Problems Using an Emotion Coaching Parenting Program. Child Psych & Hum Dev, 44(2), 247. doi: 10.1007/s10578-012-0322-1
Law, K., Khazem, L., & Anestis, M. (2015). The role of emotion dysregulation in suicide as considered through the ideation to action framework. Current Opinion in Psychology, 3, 30-35. doi:
Miller, A., McLaughlin, K., Busso, D., Brueck, S., Peverill, M., & Sheridan, M. A. (2018). Neural Correlates of Emotion Regulation and Adolescent Suicidal Ideation. Biological Psychiatry: CNNI, 3(2), 125. doi:
Morelen, D., Shaffer, A., & Suveg, C. (2016). Maternal Emotion Regulation:Links to Emotion Parenting and Child Emotion Regulation. Journal of Family Issues, 37(13), 1891-1916. doi: 10.1177/0192513×14546720
Morris, A., Criss, M., Silk, J., & Houltberg, B. (2017). The Impact of Parenting on Emotion Regulation During Childhood and Adolescence. Child Development Perspectives, 11(4), 233-238. doi: 10.1111/cdep.12238
Morris, A. S., Silk, J. S., Steinberg, L., Terranova, A. M., & Kithakye, M. (2010). Concurrent and Longitudinal Links Between Children’s Externalizing Behavior in School and Observed Anger Regulation in the Mother–Child Dyad. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 32(1), 48-56. doi: 10.1007/s10862-009-9166-9
Trentacosta, C. J., & Shaw, D. S. (2009). Emotional self-regulation, peer rejection, and antisocial behavior: Developmental associations from early childhood to early adolescence. JADP, 30(3), 356-365.
Zeman, J., Cassano, M., Perry-Parrish, C., & Stegall, S. (2006). Emotion Regulation in Children and Adolescents. JDBP, 27(2), 155-168.